Bronx (vintage recipe)

Bronx (cocktail IBA 1961)

1/3 Dry Gin
1/3 Orange juice
1/6 Dry Vermouth
1/6 Red Vermouth
It is prepare in a shaker with a little ice crystal.    

Origins and curiosity

The Bronx Cocktail is a Perfect Martini, but with the addition of orange juice. In 1934 he became one of the most famous cocktails, mentioned in “The World’s 10 Most Famous Cocktails in 1934” it was just after the Martini (first) and Manhattan (second place).
The Bronx is inspired without doubt one of the five “boroughs” that split the city of New York, located north of Manhattan. Its population is about 1,300,000 inhabitants. The name comes from the Bronx by Swedish Jonas Bronck, who was among the first to settle in the area in 1639. Originally it was part of the county of Westchester County. Then it became a borough and not an island when s’unì the city of New York City in 1898.
Over the years, the Bronx has continued to attract immigrants, and currently is home to several ethnic minorities. Among the most famous buildings is the church of St. Jerome (located on 138th street) and Yankee Stadium, located on the right bank of the Harlem River from the Bronx. His reputation is unfortunately linked to the fact that the area’s most infamous in all of New York.
Lived in Harlem, among others, Arturo Toscanini, Theodore Roosevelt and Mark Twain.
Historical recipes

Harry Craddock in The Savoy cocktail book mentions three recipes from the Bronx. The first in the following proportions:
¼ orange juice
¼ French Vermouth
¼ Italian Vermouth
½ Dry Gin
Shake well and strain into cocktail glass.
The following is a well-defined Bronx (Silver) cocktail
The juice of ¼ orange
1 white of egg
¼ French Vermouth
¼ Italian Vermouth
½ Dry Gin
Shake well and strain into a large wine glass.
And yet the Bronx cocktail Terracl
2/3 Gin
1/3 French Vermouth
½ lime juice
Shake well and strain into a cocktail glass.
It also appears in the cookbook World drinks and how to mix them Boothby, where it has 4, one flavored with orange bitters, one with pineapple juice instead of orange and also the Silver version, with grated nutmeg. Even Oscar Haimo cites him, with the recipe substantially identical to that of Craddock.

The products

The orange
Native to China and Southeast Asia, we find him in Europe until the fourteenth century when it was imported by Portuguese sailors. However, some of the ancient texts talk about it in the first century: we find cultivated in Sicily as the Melarancia. In Rome, in the cloister of the convent of Santa Sabina on the Aventine is a plant of sweet orange that according to the Dominican tradition was brought and planted by St. Dominic in 1220. The legend does not specify whether the saint had brought the plant from Portugal or from Sicily, where it had come in the wake of Arab-Berber conquest.
The orange and its juice has many health benefits: 80-90% of their consistency is provided by the water, then fructose, minerals and vitamins (starting with C, but also in group B and D), many organic acids (such as citric acid) and fibers. But in nature there are blood oranges, which help to lose weight, mainly due to the antioxidant cyanidin 3, an antioxidant that is abundant in this fruit (50 mg per 100 grams). Besides this, contain calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, selenium, and several vitamins including, in addition to the aforementioned C, the A, B1 and B2.
When mixing the orange juice is great for long drinks, but they are different cocktails containing it (including the Golden Dream, Mimosa, Screwdriver, the Monkey Gland: all part of the last classification IBA).

Book of 50 IBA drink 1961